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House Style's and Descriptions

Rebuilding, Remodeling, & Renovating Homes for over 10 Years

Minnetonka, MN Home Remodeling

Minnetonka, MN Home Remodeling

Houses can be built in a large variety of configurations. A basic division is between free-standing or detached dwellings and various types of attached or multi-user dwellings. Both sorts may vary greatly in scale and amount of accommodation provided. Although there appear to be many different types, many of the variations listed below are purely matters of style rather than spatial arrangement or scale.

Detached single-unit housing

Main article: Single-family detached home
  • A-frame: so-called because of the appearance of the structure, namely steep roofline.
  • The Addison house: a type of low-cost house with concrete floors and cavity walls made of concrete blocks, mostly built in the United Kingdom and in Ireland during 1920 through 1921 to provide housing for soldiers, sailors, and airmen who had returned home from World War I in and around France.[1]
  • The Airey house: a type of low-cost house that was developed in the United Kingdom during in the 1940s by Sir Edwin Airey, and then widely-constructed between 1945 and 1960 to provide housing for soldiers, sailors, and airmen who had returned home from World War II. These are recognizable by their precast concrete columns and by their walls made of precast “ship-lap” concrete panels.[1]
  • American Colonial: a traditional style of house that originated in the eastmost United States of America.
    • Colonial Cape Cod
    • Central-passage house
    • Dutch Colonial
    • French Colonial
    • Georgian Colonial
    • German Colonial
    • Hall and parlor house
    • New England Colonial
    • Spanish Colonial
  • Barraca: a traditional style of house originated in Valencia, Spain. Is a historical farm house since XII Century aC until XIX Century around the city of Valencia.
  • Barndominium: a type of house that includes living space attached to a workshop, a barn (typically for horses), or a large vehicles such as a Recreational Vehicle or a good-sized recreational boat.
  • Bay-and-gable: a type of house typically found in the older areas of Toronto, Ontario.
  • Bungalow: any simple, single-story house without any basement.
  • Cape Cod: a popular design that originated in the coastal area of New England, especially in eastern Massachusetts.
  • Cape Dutch: popular in the Western Cape, South Africa, region.
  • Castle: primarily a defensive structure/dwelling build during the Dark Ages and the Middle Ages, and also during the 18th century and the 19th century.
  • Chalet bungalow: popular in the United Kingdom, a combination of a house and a bungalow.
  • Chattel house: a small wooden house occupied by working-class people on Barbados.
  • Conch house: a vernacular style in Key West and Miami, derived from the Bahamian clapboard house.
  • Cottage: is usually a small country dwelling, but weavers’ cottages are three-storied townhouses with the top floor reserved for the working quarters.
  • American Craftsman House
  • Creole cottage: a type of house native to the Gulf Coast of the United States, roughly corresponding to the location of the former colonial settlements of the French in Louisiana, Southern Mississippi, and Lower Alabama.
  • Cracker House: a style of wood-framework house built rather widely in the 19th century in Florida, Southern Georgia, and South Georgia. Note that the former Atlanta Crackers pro baseball team has its home in Atlanta, Georgia, because of the many “Crackers” who lived in Georgia decades ago.
  • Deck House: a custom-built post-and-beam house using high-quality woods and masonry.
  • Dogtrot house:: two houses connected by an open breezeway.
  • Earth sheltered:: houses using dirt (“earth”) piled against it exterior walls for thermal mass, which reduces heat flow into or out of the house, maintaining a more steady indoor temperature.
  • A farmhouse: is the main residence house on a farm, or a house built with the same type of styling – located anywhere
  • Faux chateau (originating in the 1980s): a notably-inflated in size and price American suburban house with non-contextual French Provençal architectural elements.
  • Federal
  • American Foursquare house
  • Gablefront house (or a Gablefront cottage): a generic house type that has a gable roof that faces its street or avenue.[2] See the novel The House of Seven Gables, by the American author Nathaniel Hawthorne.
  • Gambrel: also known as the Dutch Gambrel
  • Geodesic dome:: a rugged domed design, using strong metal components, that was pioneered by the architect Buckminster Fuller in the United States of America in the mid-20th century.
  • The Georgian House’ is built with the style of Georgian architecture that became popular during the time of King George I through King George IV and King William IV of the United Kingdom.
  • Hawksley BL8 bungalow: an aluminum siding-clad timber-framed house built in Great Britain mostly during the 1950s as housing for soldiers, sailors, and airmen who had returned home from World War II.[1]
  • I-house: a traditional British folk house, which became popular in the Middle Atlantic and the Southern American Colonies before the beginning of the American Revolutionary War.[3]
  • Igloo: an Inuit-Eskimo temporary or emergency that was made of knife-sliced blocks of packed snow and/or ice in the Arctic regions of Alaska, Canada, Greenland, and Siberian Russia.
  • Indian vernacular
  • Izba: a traditional Russian wooden country house.
  • Konak: a type of Turkish house that was widely-built during the time of the Ottoman Empire in Turkey, northern Greece, Romania, Bulgaria, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Jordan, northern Iraq, etc.
  • Laneway house: a type of Canadian house that is constructed behind a normal single family home that ones onto a back lane.
  • Link-detached: adjacent detached properties that do not have a party wall, but which are linked by their garages – and so presenting a single frontage to their street or avenue.
  • Linked houses are “row-houses” or a “semi-detached houses” that are linked structurally only in their foundations. Above ground, these houses appear to be detached houses. Linking up their foundations cuts the cost of constructing them.
  • Log cabin: a house built by American, Canadian, and Russian frontiersmen and their families which was built of solid, unsquared wooden logs.
  • Lustron house: a type of prefabricated house.
  • Manor House: a large Medieval country house, or one built later on of a similar design, which formerly was the primary dwelling of the nobleman and his family, and also the administrative hub of a Feudal manor, and which was also the lowest unit of land organization and use in the Feudal system during the Dark Ages and the Middle Ages in Europe: in other words, before the ride of the Renaissance and the Age of Enlightenment both of which caused the fall of the Feudal system and serfdom, except for in Russia, where the serfs and vassals were not set free until the second half of the 19th century (the 1850s through the 1890s).
  • Mansion: a quite-large and usually-luxurious detached house. See also: Manor house, and Georgian House above
  • McMansion: a formulaic, inflated suburban house with references to historical styles of architecture, such as Georgian Architecture and the Manor House mentioned above.
  • Manufactured house: a prefabricated house that is assembled on the permanent site on which it will sit.
  • Mews property: a mews is an urban stable-block that has been converted into residential properties. The houses are converted into ground floor garages with a small flat above which used to house the ostler.
  • Microhouse: a dwelling that fulfils all the requirements of habitation (shelter, sleep, cooking, heating, toilet) in a very compact space. These are quite common in Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore, etc.
  • Monolithic dome: a structure cast in one piece over a wooden form, usually of built of concrete and Portland cement.
  • Microapartment: rather common in Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore, etc. These small single-room dwellings contain a kitchen, a bathroom, a sleeping area, etc., in one place, usually in a multistory building.

The interior of an Iraqi mudhif

  • Mudhif: a traditional reed house made by the Madan people of Iraq.
  • Octagon house: a house of symmetrical octagonal floor plan, popularized briefly during the 19th century by Orson Squire Fowler.
  • Patio house
  • Pole house: a timber house in which a set of vertical poles carry the load of all of its suspended floors and roof, allowing all of its walls to be non-load-bearing.
  • Prefabricated house: a house whose main structural sections were manufactured in a factory, and then transported to their final building site to be assembled upon a concrete foundation, which had to be poured locally.
  • Ranch: a rambling single-story house, often containing a garage and sometimes constructed over a basement.
  • Queenslander: a house most commonly built in the tropical areas of Australia, especially in the State of Queensland and in the Northern Territory. These are constructed on top of high concrete piers or else upon the stumps of felled trees in order to allow cooling breezes to flow beneath them, and often they have a wide veranda, or porch, that runs partially or completely the way around the house. See the Cracker House, above, which was quite similar to this one.
  • A Roundhouse dwelling: is a kind of a house built with a circular plan. This kind was constructed in Western Europe before the Conquest by the Roman legions. After this conquest, houses were usually built in the Roman style that came from Italy.
  • The Saltbox: was a style of wooden house that was widespread during Colonial Times in New England.
  • Split-level house: a design of house that was commonly built during the 1950s and 1960s. It has two nearly-equal sections that are located on two different levels, with a short stairway in the corridor connecting them. This kind of house is quite suitable for building on slanted or hilly land.
  • “Sears Catalog Home”: an owner-built “kit” houses that were sold by the Sears, Roebuck and Co. corporation via catalog orders from 1906 to 1940.
  • Shack: a small, usually rundown, wooden building.
  • Shotgun house: a style of house that was initially popular in New Orleans starting around 1830, and spread from there to other urban areas throughout the Southern U.S. Its peak period of popularity ran from the Civil War to the Great Depression. This house typically follows the structure of living room, bedrooms, then the bathroom, and kitchen as the last room of the house. The reason for the name is because it all sits in on straight line from front to back.[4]
  • The detached single-family house is any free-standing house that is structurally separated from its neighboring houses, usually separated by open land, making it distinctive from such dwellings as duplexes, townhouses, and condominiums.
  • Souterrain: an earthen dwelling typically deriving from Neolithic Age or Bronze Age times.
  • Stilt houses or Pile dwellings: houses raised on stilts over the surface of the soil or a body of water.
  • Snout house: a house with the garage door being the closest part of the dwelling to the street.
  • Splits
    • Backsplit: multi-level house that appears as a bungalow from the front elevation.
    • Frontsplit: multilevel house that appears as a two-story house in front and a bungalow in the back. It is the opposite of a backsplit and is a rare configuration.
    • Sidesplit: multi-level house where the different levels are visible from the front elevation view.
  • Storybook houses: 1920s houses inspired by Hollywood set design.
  • Tipi
  • Tree house: a house built among the branches or around the trunk of one or more mature trees and does not rest on the ground.
  • Trullo: a traditional Apulian stone dwelling with conical roof.
  • Tudor Revival architecture:: modern variants of Tudor architecture.
  • Tuscan
  • Underground home: an dwelling dug and constructed underground
  • Unit: a type of medium-density housing that is usually found in Australia and New Zealand.
  • Unity house: a type of low-cost dwelling built in Great Britain during the 1940s and 1950s. These contain walls made of stacked concrete panels between concrete pillars. About 19,000 of these houses were constructed in the United Kingdom.[1]
  • Vernacular house: house constructed in the manner of the aboriginal population, designed close to nature, using locally-available materials.

Example of an early Victorian “Gingerbread House” in the USA, built in 1855.

  • Victorian house
  • Villa: originally an upper-class country house, though since its origins in Roman times the idea and function of a villa has evolved considerably.
  • Wealden hall house a type of vernacular medieval timber-framed yeoman’s house traditional in the south east of England.
  • Wimpey house: a low-cost house built in the UK from the 1940s onwards. The walls are of no-fines concrete. About 300,000 were constructed.[1]
  • Yaodong: a dugout used as an abode or shelter in northern China, especially on the Loess Plateau.
  • Yurt: a nomadic house of central asia.
  • From Wikipedia

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